Someone’s middle name is Bernard, so they got a cake yesterday. Instagram commenters quickly and brilliantly named it a Tonsure Cake.
Friday is my day to talk with Diana von Glahn on The Faithful Traveler radio show – this week, we talk about St. Bernard-related things, mostly St. Bernard’s Abbey in Cullman, just a bit north of here, and the great Ave Maria Grotto. If you drive on I-65 through Alabama, you see the signs for it – the Catholic See Rock City. But believe me – it’s not tacky. It’s a lovely expression of faith that comes straight from the heart.
Today? Pius X. B16 here:
Today I would like to reflect on my Predecessor, St Pius X whose liturgical Memorial we shall be celebrating next Saturday and to underline certain features that may be useful to both Pastors and faithful also in our time.
Giuseppe Sarto, that was his name, was born into a peasant family in Riese, Treviso, in 1835. After studying at the Seminary in Padua he was ordained a priest when he was 23 years old. He was first curate in Tombolo, then parish priest at Salzano and then canon of the Cathedral of Treviso with the offices of episcopal chancellor and spiritual director of the Diocesan Seminary. In these years of rich and generous pastoral experience, the future Pontiff showed that deep love for Christ and for the Church, that humility and simplicity and great charity to the needy which characterized his entire life. In 1884 he was appointed Bishop of Mantua, and in 1893, Patriarch of Venice. On 4 August 1903, he was elected Pope, a ministry he hesitated to accept since he did not consider himself worthy of such a lofty office.
Pius X’s Pontificate left an indelible mark on the Church’s history and was distinguished by a considerable effort for reform that is summed up in his motto: Instaurare Omnia in Christo, “To renew all things in Christ”. Indeed, his interventions involved various ecclesiastical contexts. From the outset he devoted himself to reorganizing the Roman Curia; he then began work on the Code of Canon Law which was promulgated by his Successor Benedict XV. He later promoted the revision of the studies and formation programme of future priests and founded various Regional Seminaries, equipped with good libraries and well-qualified teachers. Another important sector was that of the doctrinal formation of the People of God. Beginning in his years as parish priest, he himself had compiled a catechism and during his Episcopate in Mantua he worked to produce a single, if not universal catechism, at least in Italian. As an authentic Pastor he had understood that the situation in that period, due partly to the phenomenon of emigration, made necessary a catechism to which every member of the faithful might refer, independently of the place in which he lived and of his position. As Pontiff, he compiled a text of Christian doctrine for the Diocese of Rome that was later disseminated throughout Italy and the world. Because of its simple, clear, precise language and effective explanations, this “Pius X Catechism”, as it was called, was a reliable guide to many in learning the truths of the faith.
Pius X paid considerable attention to the reform of the Liturgy and, in particular, of sacred music in order to lead the faithful to a life of more profound prayer and fuller participation in the Sacraments. In the Motu Proprio Tra le Sollecitudini (1903), the first year of his Pontificate, he said that the true Christian spirit has its first and indispensable source in active participation in the sacrosanct mysteries and in the public and solemn prayer of the Church (cf. AAS 36, 531). For this reason he recommended that the Sacraments be received often, encouraging the daily reception of Holy Communion and appropriately lowering the age when children receive their First Communion “to about seven”, the age “when a child begins to reason” (cf. S. Congr. de Sacramentis, Decretum Quam Singulari: AAS 2  582).
Faithful to the task of strengthening his brethren in the faith, in confronting certain trends that were manifest in the theological context at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th centuries, Pius X intervened decisively, condemning “Modernism” to protect the faithful from erroneous concepts and to foster a scientific examination of the Revelation consonant with the Tradition of the Church. On 7 May 1909, with his Apostolic Letter Vinea Electa, he founded the Pontifical Biblical Institute. The last months of his life were overshadowed by the impending war. His appeal to Catholics of the world, launched on 2 August 1914 to express the bitter pain of the present hour, was the anguished plea of a father who sees his children taking sides against each other. He died shortly afterwards, on 20 August, and the fame of his holiness immediately began to spread among the Christian people.
Dear brothers and sisters, St Pius X teaches all of us that at the root of our apostolic action in the various fields in which we work there must always be close personal union with Christ, to cultivate and to develop, day after day. This is the essence of all his teaching, of all his pastoral commitment. Only if we are in love with the Lord shall we be able to bring people to God and open them to his merciful love and thereby open the world to God’s mercy.
A new education year is beginning….
- Are you planning adult education? Consider these resources.
- Are you teaching First Communion children this year? Take a look at Friendship with Jesus and Be Saints.
A friend of one my older kids just started law school. He said that the orienters (sp?) strongly suggested only one extracurricular be pursued and for no more than an hour a day, and for that “we recommend either exercise or religion.”
…write your own punch line.
We were there! Completely by accident – the boys serve at Casa Maria once a month, but not normally this particular Sunday. I’d asked to switch because I thought we might be out of town. But I was so glad it worked out. It was great to meet Erin Manning, whose honest writing I have long admired, as well as her sister-in-law, who also blogs, and who has provided such wonderful resources (like coloring pages) over the years. I honestly had no idea of the connections between all these folks, but was glad to finally make them, and most especially to meet everyone!
Back to school for everyone, and I’ll have more to say on that next week, but for now, just a word about this book – Oxford’s The Ancient American World, part of their series, The World in Ancient Times. Far more substantive than most books on the subject matter for late elementary/middle school, what I particularly liked about was that the work and techniques of archaeologists and historians are part of the story. This is important because it makes clear that what we “know” about ancient cultures isn’t, ahem, carved in stone. It’s an interpretive decision based on evidence gathered in a certain way, posing and answering certain questions. My 10-year old really enjoyed this, and although the books aren’t cheap, they have a lot of good material, well-presented.
For more Quick Takes, visit This Ain’t the Lyceum!